Agric Chemicals Industry Newsletters Vol. 3
Strategies to Control Salmonella in Poultry
Salmonella Control in the Production Phase (Harvest)
In the preceding series, we had focused on the strategies to control Salmonella in the pre-harvest phase. Now, we focus on the harvest phase.
The feed should be withdrawn from the birds between 8 and 12 hours before the slaughter time to reduce the amount of defecation and contamination of the carcass.
Transpiration of a Salmonella-positive flock leads to contamination of the crates and containers. After unloading the flock, the crates, containers, and vehicles should be cleaned and disinfected.
Clean with Kleansol detergent. Rinse with water and disinfect with Vinkokill/Vinkoquat/ Viru-Supa.
- ·Dry cleaning
- Soak with water to remove most of the dirt
- Clean water system with Vinkoquat
- Clean the ventilation fans, air inlets, cooling Pads, ceilings, outside water system and out/inside of feeding system, floors and walls, sanitary and storage rooms, and the environment of the poultry house, including silos
- Wash with Kleansol detergent at the correct dilution and contact time (see label).
- Rinse with water and leave to dry
- Disinfect with Vinkoquat/Vinkokill/Viru Supa (Spray, foam or fog)
There are critical points often forgotten during the cleaning process: Lights, heaters, water tubes, and cracks in the floors. Much more focus is needed in these targeted areas for a wholesome cleaning process.
Dr Ibukunoluwa Olaniyan Assistant manager , Agric Chemicals
Q. What can you tell us about Cormart’s objective in the agricultural sector?
Ans. Our goal is to be the go-to biosecurity solution for farms and agribusinesses in Nigeria. We want to be the brand of choice for all biosecurity products in Nigeria. We aim to be the number one in the biosecurity space for livestock farmers and other industries.
Q. How crucial is biosecurity in the daily routine of farm operations?
Ans. Biosecurity is a health plan for preventing the occurrence and transmission of infectious diseases in animals. The practice of biosecurity should be a culture incorporated into farm activities.
Q. What technical support do you provide for your customers?
Ans. We provide consultation services for clients, training of personnel and biosecurity or hygiene audits. We also set up biosecurity units.
Q. What initiatives will you introduce to your customers in the nearest future?
Ans. We plan to start the biosecure club. There will be training for farmers on proper practices and how to use our biosecurity products. We will do a series of audits; farmers with consistently good results will receive a certificate stating that their farms are biosecure and belong to the biosecure club.
Ans. What trends do you predict would change the dynamics of the agricultural sector?
Ans. Technology is sure to change the dynamics. We now have online farmers; they invest in agriculture through crowdfunding options and help farmers raise capital.
Q. How relevant is technology in the development of the Agribusiness value chain in Nigeria?
Ans. We now have farms registered in online stores. Customers can now order farm produce and have it delivered to their homes.
Product Spotlight: VinkoQuat
Vinkoquat is a virucidal disinfectant with a synergistic blend of multiple biocides and a recognized synergy of glutaraldehyde+ and QAC’s.
- It is an all-purpose agriculture disinfectant.
- Excellent detergency for penetration and removal of organic and microbial contribution.
- Its strong deodorizing properties leave a fresh smell.
- A cleanser for broad-spectrum control of viruses, bacteria and fungi.
- It is a powered, oxygen-based disinfectant containing organic salts and organic acids.
- It offers high dilution efficiency, making it reliable and cost-effective.
- Its non-irritant and non-staining formulation makes it the ideal choice for bio-security and pathogen control.
- It helps in rendering the causes ineffective and curbing the spread of diseases.
Directions for use:
- For general purpose and hard surface disinfection at 20-25L/100m2 to be rinsed after 20-30 min
- For vehicles, Equipment, Cages, Feeders, drinkers at 10L/100m2
- For porous surfaces, Heavily solid areas at 25L/100m2
- Emergency disease control, persistent fungal disease at 20-25l/m2Foot and wheel dips at 20L/100m2
Technical Advice & Tips
Rodent control is crucial as it is a severe source of contamination to livestock’s health, causing considerable economic loss.
The experience and impacts include odours, strange noises, droppings, urine stains, and damages caused by the gnawing.
These can be very unpleasant and can have diverse financial implications.
Proper control of rodents can effectively minimize disease infestation and directly or indirectly reduce cost.
Methods to control rodents on farms:
- Snap Traps are an effective controlling tool. Placing a piece of bait helps to attract rodents. The traps should be put in darker areas of the rodent runways.
- Place glue in the centre of the cardboard and keep it along the rodent runway tracks is also an effective method to control the rodent population.
- Use of Rodenticides, either multi-dose or single-dose; include warfarin, bromadiolone, zinc sulphate and cholecalciferol.
Prevention of rodents
- Rodent proliferation can be prevented by proper garbage handling and separation of edible wastes from non-edible garbage.
- Disposal of edible garbage in drums.
- Destruction of all the nests and harborages found in the nearby fields, trees and building bases.
- Proper grass trimming and reduction of waterlogging are effective measures to prevent rodent proliferation.
- Rodents can be kept out by sealing holes in feed storage and mixing rooms.
- The use of a door guard is effective to avoid the entrance of rodents.